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Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated on 18 July every year globally to remind the contributions of Mandela to the culture of peace, human right, reconciliation and freedom. Do you know why Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated, how it is celebrated and significance?
“Our march to freedom is irreversible. We must not allow fear to stand in our way.”
He had devoted his life to the service of humanity; as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international peacemaker and the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa. He proved that nothing is impossible only determination is required to fulfil the dreams.
About Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born as Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela in Transkei, South Africa on 18 July, 1918. His mother was Nonqaphi Nosekeni and father Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela. When Rolihlaha was 12 years old, his father died and so he became a ward of Jongintaba at the Great Place at Mqhekezweni. There he always listened to the stories about the valour of the ancestors struggled for freedom. For his B.A Degree, he went to the University College of Fort Hare. But, he didn’t received his degree due to the protest of students that he had joined. As a result, he was expelled from the college. Then, he went back to the Great Place at Mqhekezweni where the king threatened him that if he will not complete his degree, he will going to arrange a marriage for him.
“History will judge us by the difference we make in the everyday lives of children.”
Due to this, he ran to Johannesburg, where he worked as a mine security officer. Eventually, he had completed his studies through the University of South Africa and received his B.A degree. No doubt, he is one of the most well-known anti-apartheid activists in South Africa.
In 1940, he became a member of the African National Congress party and later he became leader in a number of peaceful protests against the white minority’s regime in South Africa.
In 1963, he was imprisoned in Robben Island, Cape Town in South Africa for leading the liberation movement against apartheid and for his stance on the human right to live in freedom. His prisoner number was 466.
Even the Robben Island prisoners were never referred by their names but by their numbers. Mandela number was 46664. In 1990, he was released from imprisonment and contributed towards a multi-racial democracy in South Africa. In 1994, due to his efforts he was elected as the president of South Africa. Therefore, he became the first black president of South Africa. Till 1999, he remained president in an office. In 1993, he won the Nobel Peace Prize, together with another former South African president Frederic Willem de Klerk.
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